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Piprahwa Stupa Complex

The main stupa of this ancient site, known from the nineteenth century, was excavated in 1898 by W.C. Peppe. This Excavation revealed a massive sandstone coffer containing valuables and other objects, including a casket bearing an inscription, deciphered as sukiti bhatinam sa-bhaginikanam sa-putadalnam iyam salila nidhane Budhas bhagvate sakiyanam.On the basis of this inscription it is opined that the Piprahwa stupa housed the bone relics of Lord Buddha.

Further excavations conducted at Piprahwa 1971 onwards by K.M. Srivastava of the Archaeological Survey of India revealed a number of inscribed clay sealings and a lid of pot, datable to 1st - 2nd century A.D. The inscriptions have been deciphered as Om Devaputra Vihare Kapilavastu Bhikkhu Sanghas and Maha Kapila vastu Bhikkhshu Sanghas which confirmed the location of Kapilvastu Buddhist monastery.

Palace Site

Excavations carried out by Dr. K.M. Srivastava indicated the ruins of the palace of King Shuddhodhan, the father of Prince Gautam (Lord Buddha). It is said to be the place where Lord Buddha spent the first 29 years of his life.